Bulleh shah

Syed Abdullah Shah Qadri popularly known as Bulleh Shah, was a Punjabi Muslim and philosopher. Baba Bulleh Shah (1680-1758), is a shining star of Punjabi Sufi Poetry. His poetry is a great satire on any type of religious orthodoxy. His poetry appeals, as he adopted symbols and metaphors from his surroundings. Baba Bulleh Shah has shown extreme bravery and secularism while writing against the religious bigotry and tyranny of the rulers of his times. Punjabi Poetry of Baba Bulleh Shah consists of Kafian, Dohre, Baranmah, Athwara, Gandhan and Siharfian.Baba Bulleh Shah, is a shining star of Punjabi Sufi Poetry. His poetry is a great satire on any type of religious orthodoxy. His poetry appeals, as he adopted symbols and metaphors from his surroundings. Baba Bulleh Shah has shown extreme bravery and secularism while writing against the religious bigotry and tyranny of the rulers of his times. Punjabi Poetry of Baba Bulleh Shah consists of Kafian, Dohre, Baranmah, Athwara, Gandhan and Siharfian.His spiritual teacher was the eminent Sufi saint, Shah Inayat Qadiri.The verse form Bulleh Shah primarily employed is called the Kafi, a style of Punjabi, Sindhi and Siraiki poetry used not only by the Sufis of Sindh and Punjab, but also by Sikh gurus.Bulleh Shah’s poetry and philosophy strongly criticizes Islamic religious orthodoxy of his day.In his poetry, he talks about his understandings of the world around him, his divine experiences and also raises a voice against orthodox rituals of Islam during that time.He preached to the masses to leave their egos and not to worry about social conventions if they wish to meet God.There is a very famous story from the life of Bulleh Shah. This story shows his love and devotion towards his master and his untroubled attitude towards society.

One of the best wrting of bulleh shah is “Bulleya Ki jaana main Kaun”

“Bulleya Ki jaana main Kaun”
Bulleya to me, I am not known

Here he is saying to himself that he is not known. “ki” implies that the state of not knowing and “kyon” signifies why which implies ingorance.

Na main momin vich maseetaan
Na main vich kufar diyan reetaan
Na main paakaan vich paleetaan
Na main moosa na firown
Not a believer inside the mosque, am I
Nor a pagan disciple of false rites
Not the pure amongst the impure
Neither Moses, nor the Pharoh

Here he is referring that he’s not a firm biliever of god nor he’s a person holding religious biliefs.he is not pure eihter,he’s not god’s intrument or to act on behalf of god nor a ruler.

Na main andar ved kitaabaan
Na vich bhangaan na sharaabaan
Na vich rindaan masat kharaabaan
Na vich jaagan na vich saun
Not in the holy Vedas, am I
Nor in opium, neither in wine
Not in the drunkard’s intoxicated craze
Neither awake, nor in a sleeping daze

Here he saying he could not be found in any holy books,he is not a addictive drug or somekind of wine to lose control of senses and lingered by crocked.He isn’t awake nor in sleeping daze unable to think or react.

Na vich shaadi na ghamnaaki
Na main vich paleeti paaki
Na main aabi na main khaki
Na main aatish na main paun
In happiness nor in sorrow, am I
Neither clean, nor a filthy mire
Not from water, nor from earth
Neither fire, nor from air, is my birth

Here he is saying that he is not in hapiness of anything neither in sorrow of something.He isn’t clean neither smeared with dirt.He does not belong to soil or water nor he is born from fire or air.

Na main arabi na lahori
Na main hindi shehar nagauri
Na hindu na turak peshawri
Na main rehnda vich nadaun
Not an Arab, nor Lahori
Neither Hindi, nor Nagauri
Hindu, Turk, nor Peshawari
Nor do I live in Nadaun

Here he is saying he’s not from arab or lahore(town in pakistan) he’s a hindi nor nagauri(hindu-muslim community). He is not a hindu,turk(turkish),
Peshawari(place in pakistan) rather than even he lives in nadaun(town at himachal pradesh).

Avval aakhir aap nu jaana
Na koi dooja hor pehchaana
Maethon hor na koi siyaana
Bulla! ooh khadda hai kaun
I am the first, I am the last
None other, have I ever known
I am the wisest of them all
Bulleh! do I stand alone?

Here he’s stating he is the very first and last individual who knows himself and understand no 1 other.he believes himself to be the wisest to understand and stands independently.

Bulleya Ki jaana main Kaun
Bulleya! to me, I am not known

Here he is saying to himself that he is not known. “ki” implies that the state of not knowing and “kyon” signifies why which implies ingorance.

Bulleh Shah

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